What is a Candlestick?

While we briefly covered candlestick charts in the previous lesson, we’ll now dig in a little and discuss them more in detail. First let’s do a quick review. What is a Candlestick? Back in the day when Godzilla was still a cute little lizard, the Japanese created their own old school version of technical analysis to trade rice. A westerner by the name of Steve Nison “discovered” this secret technique on how to read charts from a fellow Japanese broker and Japanese candlesticks lived happily ever after. Steve researched, studied, lived, breathed, ate candlesticks, began writing about it and slowly grew in popularity in 90s. To make a long story short, without Steve Nison, candle charts might have remained a buried secret. Steve Nison is Mr. Candlestick. Okay so what the heck are candlesticks? The best way to explain is by using a picture:

Candlesticks are formed using the open, high, low and close.
If the close is above the open, then a hollow candlestick (usually displayed as white) is drawn.
If the close is below the open, then a filled candlestick (usually displayed as black) is drawn.
The hollow or filled section of the candlestick is called the “real body” or body.
The thin lines poking above and below the body display the high/low range and are called shadows.
The top of the upper shadow is the “high”.
The bottom of the lower shadow is the “low” learn more

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